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What exactly lead to the discrimination between the First Vatican Council and the Second Vatican Council?

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by May 21, 2018 Canonical Teaching

Question 11: My question is: What exactly lead to the discrimination between the First Vatican Council and the Second Vatican Council? By Onyeso Lucian Anthony

Answer 11:

In the first place, there is no discrimination between both councils. An ecumenical council is a council summoned by the Pope whereby the college of Bishops  (the head being the Pope and its members  being the Bishops) exercises its power over the universal Church in solemn form. The purpose of an ecumenical council is to define doctrine, reaffirm truths of the Faith, and extirpate heresy. The Catholic Church has held 21 councils including the First Vatican Council and the Second Vatican Council. The Council usually bears the name of the hosting place. The Council was convened by Pope Pius IX in 1869 and had to be prematurely interrupted in 1870 because of advancing Italian troops. In the short time, it issued definitions of the Catholic faith, the papacy and the infallibility of the Pope. The Second Vatican Council was invoked by Pope John XXIII. It met from 1962 to 1965. The two councils bear Vatican because they were held in the Vatican City.

The 21 Councils of the Catholic Church are as follows:

  1. First Council of Nicaea
  2. First Council of Constantinople
  3. Council of Ephesus
  4. Council of Chalcedon
  5. Second Council of Constantinople
  6. Third Council of Constantinople
  7. Second Council of Nicaea
  8. Fourth Council of Constantinople
  9. First Council of the Lateran
  10. Second Council of the Lateran
  11. Third Council of the Lateran
  12. Fourth Council of the Lateran
  13. First Council of Lyon
  14. Second Council of Lyon
  15. Council of Vienne
  16. Council of Constance
  17. Council of Florence
  18. Fifth Council of the Lateran
  19. Council of Trent
  20. First Vatican Council
  21. Second Vatican Council

 

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